General information about Georgia

The state located in the Near East and the Middle East, as well as in Eastern Europe, in the western part of Transcaucasia on the eastern coast of the Black Sea. Georgia borders with Armenia and Turkey in the south, Azerbaijan in the southeast and Russia in the east and north. The area of ​​the territory is 69,700 km². The population is 4 497 600 people. In administrative terms, the territory of Georgia de jure includes 2 autonomous republics and 10 provinces. The edges and autonomous republics are divided into 55 municipalities.

The history of Georgia is dramatic and complex, it existed as a powerful unified state that included all modern regions, more than once it disintegrated under the blows of numerous conquests to be reborn again.

From ancient times, on the basis of natural, geographical and ethnographic and political features, certain historical provinces have formed in the territory of Georgia: Kartli, Kakheti, Meskheti-Javakheti, Imereti, Guria-Mergelia, Abkhazia, Adjara. These provinces existed for many centuries within the single Georgian state.

The capital of Tbilisi

The capital and the largest city of Georgia. It is located on the bank of the Mtkvari River (Kura). The city covers an area of ​​726; It has 1 693 768 people. Tbilisi is the most important industrial, social and cultural center of Georgia. The city is also an important transit center for transnational energy and trade projects. The strategic location at the crossroads between Europe and Asia has repeatedly made Tbilisi an apple of discord between various forces in the Caucasus.

Regions and cities

Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia

The administrative unit in Georgia, the territory of which is actually controlled partially recognized by the Republic of Abkhazia with the support of Russian troops. According to the Georgian Constitution, Abkhazia is part of Georgia as an autonomous republic, and its legitimate government is currently in exile. From 2006 to 2008, the government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia was located on the territory of Abkhazia in the then-controlled village of Chkhalta. The area of ​​the territory is 8665 km ².

Sukhumi is the capital of the Republic of Abkhazia. Located in the central part of the republic, 107 km from the border with Russia on the Black Sea coast, on the shore of the Sukhum Bay. The population is 64,478 people.



Samegrelo - Zemo Svaneti

One of the edges (mhare) of Western Georgia. The region includes the eastern Black Sea coast and the southern ridge of the Caucasus Mountains. Samegrelo-Zemo Svanet region is located in the central north-western part of Georgia. The territory of the region occupies 10.6% of the territory of Georgia, which is 7.4 thousand square kilometers. According to these data, the region ranks second in Georgia. The population of the Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region is 466,100 people.

Zugdidi is a city in Georgia. It is located in the Colchis lowland, 30 km from the Black Sea, on the Black Sea highway and the road leading to Svaneti. The railway station on the Jvari - Samtredia line. The administrative center of the Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti regions. The population is 1 123 inhabitants.

Poti is a seaport and a city in Georgia, in the west of the country, in the Samegrelo-Zemo-Svaneti region at the mouth of the Rioni River, the Black Sea coast. Poti was built on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Phasis. The city became one of the main three sea ports of Georgia in the 20th century. The city has 53,400 inhabitants.


The modern administrative region and the historical region in the west of Georgia. The administrative center and the largest city are Ozurgeti. In administrative terms, Guria consists of three districts. The area of ​​the territory is 2,033 km ². Population is 140 300 people.

Autonomous Republic of Adjara

Historical, geographical and political-administrative region in the extreme south-west of Georgia. In the seaside area there are sanatorium-treatment establishments, mostly created in the Soviet era. There are mountain resorts. The area of ​​the territory is 2899 km ². The population is 382 400 people.

Batumi is a city and port in Georgia, on the Black Sea coast, the capital of Adjara Autonomous Republic, the main tourist center of modern Georgia.

Kobuleti is a resort town in Adjara, Georgia, 21 km north of Batumi. Located on the Black Sea in the subtropical climate zone. Center of Kobuleti district. The population is 18.6 thousand people.

Keda is a city-type settlement in Adjara, the center of the Ked municipality. It is located on the Adzharitskali river (tributary of the Chorokh river), 41 km east of Batumi. The population is 20 024 people.

Makhindzhauri is a city-type settlement (daba) in the Khelvachauri municipality of Adjara, Georgia. In the village there is the railway station of the same name (on the Natanebi-Batumi line), which is the main passenger station of the city of Batumi. In Makhindzhauri there is a climatic and balneological resort.

Khelvachauri is a city-type settlement in Georgia. It is the center of the Khelvachauri municipality of the Adjara Autonomous Republic. The population is 6 143 people.

Hulo is a city-type settlement (daba) in Adjara, Georgia. Center of the Khuloy Municipality. The village is located 87 km from the railway station of Batumi.

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo-Svaneti

Modern administrative region in the north of Georgia. The capital and largest city is Ambrolauri. It occupies the territories of several historical regions of Georgia: Lower Svaneti (Kvemo-Svaneti), Lechkhumi and Racha. Administratively, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo-Svaneti are made up of four municipalities. The area of ​​the territory is 4,568 km ². The population is 48 200 people.


Region (region, mhare) and historical area in Western Georgia, in the basin of the middle course of the Rioni River and its tributaries. Residents of the region (Imeretin) speak the Imeretian dialect of the Georgian language, in the past they were distinguished by some local features of culture and way of life. The area of ​​the territory is 6 552 km ². The population is 693 500 people.

Kutaisi is a city in western Georgia. It has been the parliamentary capital of Georgia since 2012. It is located on both banks of the Rioni River at an altitude of 125-300 m above sea level. The population is 200 thousand people. Kopitnari Airport is located 14 km from the city. The distance to Tbilisi by rail is 220 km.


The edge (mkhare) of Georgia, located in the south of the country, borders Armenia and Turkey. Includes the regions of Meskheti and Javakhetia. The main historical attraction is the cave monasteries of Vardzia and Vanis Kwabebi. In the province there is a resort Borjomi with world famous mineral water. The area of ​​the territory is 6413 km ². The population is 207 600 people.

Akhaltsikhe is a city in the south of Georgia. The regional center of Akhaltsikhe district, the administrative center of the Samtskhe-Javakheti region. It is located on the Potskhovis-Tskali river. The population is 19.2 thousand people.

Borjomi is a resort town in Samtskhe-Javakheti, a region in the south-west of Georgia. The city is famous for its mineral water Borjomi, which holds the first export position in Georgia. Mineral water Borjomi is popular in the countries of the former USSR. The population is 13.6 thousand people. Borjomi belongs to a group of low mountain resorts and is surrounded by mountain ranges covered with coniferous and broad-leaved forests. The climate is temperate in both summer and winter.


Shida Kartli

Mkhare (krai), administrative-territorial unit of the Republic of Georgia. It is located in the central part of Georgia between Tbilisi and Ossetia (partially recognized by the state of South Ossetia, which is considered part of the country's four provinces according to the constitution of Georgia, including in most of Shida-Kartli). The administrative center is the city of Gori. The area of ​​the territory is 4,807 km ². The population is 298,500 people.

Gori is a city in eastern Georgia, the center of the province of Shida-Kartli and the center of the same municipality. It was founded by David the Builder. The population is approximately 50 thousand. The city is located in the Kartli Valley at the confluence of the Kura River and its tributary of the Great Liakhvi River. From the south and west the city is surrounded by mountains.


Modern administrative region in the center of Georgia. The capital and the largest city is Mtskheta. It occupies the territory of several historical regions of Georgia: Erzo Tianeti, Mtiuleti, Hevi, Khevsureti, Pshavia and the eastern part of Inner Kartli. The total area of ​​the territory is 6 785 km ². The population is 105,200 inhabitants.

Mtskheta is a city in Georgia, at the confluence of the Aragvi River into the Kura River. It is the administrative center of Mtskheta-Mtianeti. The city is located a few kilometers north of Tbilisi. The population is 7 423 people.


One of the mkhare (krai) of Georgia. Center of Kvemo-Kartli - Rustavi. Administratively includes 1 city and 6 municipalities. The population is 511,300 inhabitants. The area of ​​the territory is 6527.6 km ².

Rustavi is a city in the southeast of Georgia, located on the banks of the Mtkvari River, 25 kilometers southeast of Tbilisi. Rustavi is one of the oldest cities in Georgia, which played a significant role in its history. The population is 117.4 thousand people.


The region and historical region in the east of Georgia, in the upper reaches of the Iori and Alazani rivers. The capital is Telavi. The area of ​​the territory is 11 309.5 km ². The population is 401 400 people.

Telavi is a city in the Alazani Valley (Georgia), the center of the Telavsky municipality, the capital of mkhare Kakheti. The population is 20 thousand inhabitants. It is located on the northern slope of the Tsivi-Gombori Range, at an altitude of 490 m above sea level, 70 km from Tbilisi.


Sighnaghi is a small town in eastern Georgia, on the mountainside, in the historical region of Kakheti. Center for the Historical and Geographical Region of Kiziki. It is located on terraces, connected by winding steep streets.